Arnold Chiari Malformation

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Red Flag Symptoms

The "Red Flag Symptoms" are related to brainstem compression; they generally occur in Chiari cases which are compounded by basilar invagination, basilar impression, retroflexion of the odontoid, and similar disorders.

The "Red Flag" Symptoms Are: 

1. Severe swallowing problems
2. Tachyarrhythmias
3. Severe nausea
4. Central sleep apnea